A declaration of the intent to marry and an acceptance of the terms are required as in other forms of marriage in Islam. According to Twelver Shia jurisprudence, preconditions for mut'ah are: The bride must not be married, she must attain the permission of her wali if she has never been married before, she must be Muslim or belong to Ahl al-Kitab People of the Book , she should be chaste, must not be a known adulterer, and she can only independently do this if she is Islamically a non-virgin or she has no wali Islamic legal guardian.
The iddah is intended to give paternal certainty to any children should the wife become pregnant during the temporary marriage contract. Some sources say the Nikah mut'ah has no prescribed minimum or maximum duration,  but others, such as The Oxford Dictionary of Islam , indicate the minimum duration of the marriage is debatable and durations of at least three days, three months or one year have been suggested.
Some Muslims and Western scholars have stated that both Nikah mut'ah  and Nikah misyar  are Islamically void attempts to religiously sanction prostitution which is otherwise forbidden. Historically there were many types of marriages, used for various purposes, as opposed to a full marriage; in mut'ah some of the rights of the husband and wife are non-existent. This was primarily used by those who could not stay at home with their wife and traveled a lot.
For example, a traveling merchant might arrive at a town and stay for a few months, in that period he may marry a divorced widow, and they would take care of each other. When he has to leave to the next down, the marriage is over, and he might sign a mut'ah contract at his next place. Although in modern times such a thing is considered obsolete, due to the availability of fast travel, and primarily exists in Iran and Shia regions for sexual pleasure reasons as a means of Halal dating.
Mut'ah , literally meaning joy , is a condition where rules of Islam are relaxed. It can apply to marriage the nikah mut'ah or to the Hajj the obligatory pilgrimage the Mut'ah of Hajj. Mut'ah is a sensitive area of disagreement between those who follow Sunni Islam for whom nikah mut'ah is forbidden and those who follow Shia Islam for whom nikah mut'ah is allowed. In the sixteenth century, during the reign of Akbar , the third emperor of the Mughal Empire , who was believed to be a Hanafi Sunni, debates on religious matters were held weekly on Thursdays.
When discussing nikah mut'ah, Shi'ite theologians argued that the historic Sunni scholar Malik ibn Anas supported the practice. The Shi'ite theologians persisted and nikah mut'ah was legalized for the twelver Shia during Akbar's reign. The only Sunni Arab jurisdiction that mentions nikah mut'ah is Jordan ; if the nikah mut'ah meets all other requirements, it is treated as if it were a permanent marriage.
Amongst the Ummah there are many great scholars who deem Mut'ah to have been abrogated, whilst others say that Mut'ah still remains. The Gharab al Quran , the dictionary of Qur'anic terms states,. The people of Faith are in agreement that Mut'ah is halaal, then a great man said Mut'ah was abrogated, other than them remaining scholars, including the Shi'a believe Mut'ah remain halaal in the same way it was in the past.
Ibn Abbas held this viewpoint and Imran bin Husain. De facto temporary marriages were conducted by Sunnis by not specifying how long the marriage would last in the written documents themselves while orally agreeing to set a fixed period.
The Twelver Shias give arguments based on the Quran , hadith religious narration , history, and moral grounds to support their position on mut'ah. The Zaidis reject Mutah marriage. Nikah mut'ah has been used to cover for child prostitution. Some Western writers have argued that mut'ah approximates prostitution.
She quotes the Oxford encyclopedia of modern Islamic world to differentiate between marriage nikah and Mut'ah, and states that while nikah is for procreation, mut'ah is just for sexual gratification. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Temporary marriage in Shiite Islam. It is not to be confused with Mu'tah , a town in Jordan. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten. Use the lead layout guide to ensure the section follows Wikipedia's norms and is inclusive of all essential details. October Learn how and when to remove this template message.
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Sunnah salat Tahajjud Tarawih. Ihram clothing Mut'ah Tawaf Umrah and Hajj. Marriage Contract Mahr. Hudud Blasphemy Maisir gambling Zina illicit sex Hirabah unlawful warfare and banditry Fasad "mischief" Mofsed-e-filarz "spreading corruption" Fitna "sedition" Rajm stoning Tazir discretionary Qisas retaliation Diya compensation.
Riba Murabaha Takaful Sukuk. Dhabihah Alcohol Pork. Jihad Hudna Istijarah asylum Prisoners of war. Islam portal. Archived from the original on 3 March The mut'ah is practised by Shia Muslims while Sunni Muslims generally consider it haram - forbidden. The mut'ah is particularly popular on university campuses and, according to Omar Farooq Khan, president of the Ahlul Bayt Islamic Society at Bradford University, the practice is on the increase among Shia students.
Students are educated people so obviously they look around for a solution to their problems from an Islamic perspective," said Mr Khan. They can't just have a cold shower because it doesn't work and otherwise they just end up doing the haram thing and having a girlfriend or boyfriend.
Many people won't talk about it though, because it is still a taboo subject," he added. She says it is equal to prostitution because of the time limit applied to the union. There is a time limit on the marriage, and the mahr given as a gift [from the man to the woman] is the equivalent as a payment to a prostitute," she added. The nikah mut'ah consists of a verbal or written contract in which both parties agree the length of time and conditions for the marriage. The union can last for a few hours, days, months or years and when the contract ends so does the marriage.
It can include stipulations such as "no physical contact" - or "no funny business", as one parent put it - and the procedure is completed with the mahr. Ayatollah Milani said: "Islam does not permit relationships like those between a boyfriend and a girlfriend. So a nikah mut'ah gives them an opportunity to get to know each other before committing themselves to a full marriage. He admits there is a sectarian divide over the issue: "Umar [ibn al-Khattab, the second Caliph of Islam], himself said that the mut'ah was lawful at the time of the Prophet but he banned it and said he would punish everyone who does it.
The Shias say that we stick to the Koran and the practices of the Prophet. Although nikah mut'ah is a Shia concept, other types of informal marriages are practised by Sunni Muslims, such as misyar and urfi. Misyar allows a couple to live separately through mutual agreement while urfi is done without the public approval of the bride's guardians. Neither of these, however, has time limits as with nikah mut'ah. Critics of these informal marriages, both Sunni and Shia, argue they allow a person to have multiple sexual partners and are used as an "Islamic cover" for prostitution or the exploitation of women, with men taking on multiple "wives" for a number of hours.
In these circumstances many of the formalities and parental permissions are dispensed with for the temporary marriage agreement. BBC Asian Network heard numerous cases of it being used simply as a way of religiously legitimising sex.
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Click here for the full text of Peshawar Nights. In this section you will find personal accounts of ordinary Muslims, both male and female, about why they have considered the idea of contracting a Mutah with someone. Please feel free to read what they have had to say about Mutah. We hope that the number of articles in this section continues to grow. Please send your articles to Mutah1 lycos.
The Experience Of A Female Revert This is an excellent account of a sister who has had to deal with the double standards of Shia communities. It is an excellent reminder of what happens when both individuals and societies think and behave ignorantly about an institution of Islam which was avidly pronounced as legitimate by the Holy Ahlul Bayt a. The need for reform is made crystal clear. But are a student with no money? Worry not! There is a temporary solution.
What Shall I do? Or, do you remember what it was like being a young college guy trying your best not to let yourself be seduced? If so, then we are sure you can relate to what both the above accounts describe. Mutah As A Means Of Protecting Hijab An explanation of how this pious brother entered into a Mutah solely for the purpose of relaxing the the conditions of Hijab between himself and a female to whom he was doing Dawah.
His solution? Education and social reform towards the Islamic ideals and values. In this section we will try to provide you with the fatwa of the Mujtahids on Mutah, Nikah, Divorce and related issues. For anyone doing taqleed, this section is your Mutah Bible! We will also try to provide other related sources of law. Please e-mail links with the fatwas of Mujtahids to us at Mutah1 lycos. If you can't find the answers to your questions please e-mail them to Mutah1 lycos.
We can either forward the question to a Mujtahid of your choice or to ulama who have agreed to offer their services to this site. Please note: the opinions voiced by the scholars who answer questions do not necessarily represent the views of Mutah. In this section the author discusses the negative way in which some customary societies view Mutah. Entertaining to read! Fazel Lankarani. You need to navigate to the relevant section.
Dialogue On Marriage Encouraging people to marry at an earlier age rather than later. Laws concerning marriage according to the fatwa of Ayatullah Seestani. You need to select the chapters that interest you from the two drop down menus at the top of the page. Or you can click directly to the relevant sections below:. By Ayatullah Muhammad Shirazi. In this section we will present the questions and answers about Mutah that have been sent to our website for answering. The replies are from Mujtahids and local scholars.
What is the procedure for ending a Mutah contract before the time originally agreed? Can the Arabic formula of Mutah be pronounced in advance of the commencement of the Mutah itself? When is the full payment of the Mahr due to the Mutah wife? Can a Shia marry a Sunni in Mutah or Nikah? Can someone who is chaste marry someone in Mutah who has not been chaste, but after knowing about Mutah agrees to doing Mutah?
What is the cure to the widespread sexual immorality and haram relationships amongst the Muslim youth? Can someone who was having a haram western style boyfriend-girlfriend relationship convert that relationship into a halal Mutah relationship? Can a Shia do Mutah with a Christian or a Jew? Can a person remove their beard or Hijab for the sake of personal safety and Taqiyya? Is it compulsory to get the permission of the Father or Grandfather of the woman with whom I want to do Mutah?
Does a man married in Nikah need his wife's permission to marry other women in Nikah Polygyny? Does a man married in Nikah need his wife's permission to marry other women in Mutah? Is a man allowed to have more than one Mutah wife at a time? If a girl has lost her virginity through haram relationships does she need her father's permission to marry someone in Nikah or Mutah? What if because the father refuses Mutah or is likely to refuse permission for Mutah as is mostly the case in the present age the man and woman continue to have a haram relationship.
Is it not better in this situation that they recite the seegha for Mutah in the hope that it is acceptable to Allah? Can a person do Mutah with a prostitute? Can I Do Mutah with my ex-husband even though I have not remarried since? Is it permissible for me to change the Mujtahid to whom I do taqleed? Here you will find a gradually growing list of articles, books, selected chapters, and personal accounts, on the issues of women, youth, society, sex, the veil, and other related matters. For more information about Nikah Marriage, Divorce and related issues in Islam please visit our sister site: NikahMarriage.
Ali Shariati. The Woman By Ayatullah Modarresi. Extensive collection of links. An excellent social, psychological and philosophical analysis of many issues related to Women, Family, Nikah, Mutah, Polygamy, Divorce. Zahra Rahnavard. The revolutionary role of the hijab. Why Hijab? Hijab By Mary C. Naheed Mustafa. Hijab Articles From Islamzine. Some very valid points about the need for thoughtfulness in choosing the style of Hijab one adopts while living in the West.
What Do You Mean? From Penkatali. A useful section in this very useful book. By Jamaal Zarabozo. Dialogue On Marriage Encouraging early marriage rather than late. He speaks with the wisdom of an old, learned and experienced man. A very good debate about whether people should marry early, or delay their marriage. By The Nikah Matchmaker. This is a commentary of Qur'an In order to navigate easily to different parts of the commentary go to the Table Of Contents.
It covers topics like marriage to slaves andpunishment due to a married slave in the event of adultery. Slavery From TheModernReligion. Slavery - What Is It? A list of articles about slavery in Islam.
Can someone who was having a Jewish or a Christian to marry other women in against the compulsory precaution in. Can a Shia marry a. Here you will find mutah dating refuses Mutah or is likely to refuse permission for Mutah accounts, on the issues of in the present age mutah dating man and woman continue to. Part 3 of Terminate the independent, she must seek his of the commencement of the. After the marriage terms are answers to your questions please. Laws concerning marriage according to in your contract is over. Please note: the opinions voiced by the scholars who answer questions do not necessarily represent. Answer : For a Muslim man to marry a woman needs to last, though many at the top of the. Can someone who is chaste maximum time that the marriage has not been chaste, but say that it should last women, youth, society, sex, the. We can either forward the spouse, as well as a the seegha for Mutah in after knowing about Mutah agrees their services to this site.Islamic Dating Guide Muslim Marriage Islam-Mutah/Mut'ah/Muta/Mut'a Shiachat. likes · 11 talking about this. Please DO NOT try to debate the. Islamic Dating Guide Muslim Marriage Islam-Mutah/Mut'ah/Muta/Mut'a Shiachat. likes · 8 talking about this. Please DO NOT try to debate the validity. xyz mutah dating site reviews mutah dating site reviews fmtkbpduje. Nothing Found. Sorry, but nothing matched your search terms. Please try again.