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When people are inadvertently intimidating and have ambivalent feelings about the feedback they get, it is a more interesting situation to think about than when people are singularly being bullies, because inadvertent intimidation, the subject of the rest of this piece, suggests an unrecognized division within oneself, a Dr. Jekyll and Mr. And gender plays into intimidation, of course. For example, research Bolino and Turnley, found that managers rated female employees as less likable when the ladies were perceived as intimidating, but for the gentlemen, intimidation did not influence likeability.
Not only that, but male employees who used intimidation were also deemed better performers, an effect not enjoyed by women. To add complexity to the discussion, sometimes people, of course, are perceived as being intimidating, when in fact they really feel an entirely different way on the inside — vulnerable or scared in some way. When that happens, there is a big disconnect between the feedback we get from other people.
We have trouble holding these two identities together, our psychological containment fails, and we rely on defensive behavior to maintain equilibrium if we are unable to make constructive use of such feedback which is usually not given in an easy-to-take-in way, as the other person is speaking from a position of threat.
It's not unusual for this kind of disconnect to happen, and inadvertent intimidation comes up in several different ways, which are informative to spell out. If anyone has been in effective therapy for long enough or has the good fortune of being able to be self-reflective in constructive ways without therapy, we have a pretty good idea of the discrepancy between different versions of ourselves in the eyes of others and those versions of ourselves we can grasp internally.
The more coherent our sense of self is, regardless of how multifaceted, the more in-line who we see ourselves to be is with how others appear to know us. We hide important parts of who we are from ourselves, but reveal them to others in our behavior without knowing it. When we hide who we really are, this can create the impression in others that we are invulnerable.
This, in turn, can lead to a variety of different responses, including envy , admiration, and a sense of uncanny strangeness as something important but undefinable just seems off. Rather than having an overarching sense of our own multiplicity, in each singular self-state, we experience our momentary point of view as enduring and miss the inconsistency that others detect, fear , and judge.
People who do this may also come across as cryptic. They may believe they are being cryptic on purpose, but sometimes thinking something is on purpose is to cover over the fact that they can't help themselves from doing it, which in turn can be concealing the fact that they really are motivated to be cryptic, without clearly knowing their motivations.
We dissect others with the cold scalpel of raw intellect, feeling justified because we are right, or trying to help. People who are razor-sharp and calculating, surrounding others with apparent hyperawareness, can be intimidating without meaning to be, just as people who are very attractive can be.
Trying to do the right thing or to help out is a powerful, easily defended rationalization. We are, in fact, subject to the power of our own intellect against ourselves, as others are. But for people who learned to prize intellect above compassion — where the quick comeback, even a sadistic retort, scores points, gives a rush of pleasure even while dismissing the validity of the injury to another — we deny how our words can really hurt.
Competition and the need to win no matter what the stakes make it easy to hurl a clever quip, to lash out verbally, cornering and trapping, employing what classical psychoanalysts famously referred to as oral aggression. In the case of cutting humor , empathy ruins the joke. In the case of winning an argument at the expense of the relationship, empathy sours the tang of victory.
This also applies to folks who are incredibly perceptive and observant. It's easy to feel like there is nowhere to hide. We wield status and influence reflexively, unaware that other people are affected. There are some people who are leaders or are in other positions of power, who must have a peculiar, implicit sense of deprivation or neediness, often with a side of frank grandiosity, which leads them by vague interpersonal influences to be surrounded by people who will fall all over themselves in order to please them.
Like vampires, they are terribly weak and vulnerable, yet powerful and alluring at the same time. So strong is the fear of disapproval from these people, so strong is the wish that some of that glamour will rub-off it never does , that we feel intimidated, fearful we will be destroyed or discarded if we fail to do their bidding. When such a person is disappointed or frustrated, they become hostile.
For those of us who become attached to people with this kind of hostile dependency, we can be in the state of continually feeling intimidated. This one often goes hand-in-hand with the other ways of being intimidating. I am not competing with you — I only compete with myself. Often out of insecurity and unresolved emotional wounds, some people become emotionally stingy, without realizing it. They have great difficulty being generous with others and with themselves; this leads them to experience themselves as isolated from others.
In order to fend off the vast existential void of isolation, they created variations of themselves and measure themselves against these versions. They may not feel it toward others, but others often experience them as not only aloof but arrogant. The feeling of superiority creates, in those who remain in relationships with self-competers, a feeling of ongoing intimidation due to the sense of being always at risk of abandonment, combined with the feeling of never being good enough.
When these feelings of humiliation are shared with self-competers, they are quickly dismissed, justified by a facile moral argument, amplifying the distance between themselves and others. We deny the impact of our appeal to others. Some people are born lucky — not that it doesn't take hard work, too — or are seemingly lucky because being very attractive, whether physically beautiful, intellectually gifted , famous, wealthy, sexy, talented, charismatic , or what have you, can indeed be a burden to those so touched.
Imagine having to fend off zombie-legions of would-be fans, and people trying to use your value for their own gain. It is also not easy for those who are particularly comely to believe it or fully appreciate how other people around them respond. People are intimidated by aura, because we may feel or assume that we won't be good enough for the other person, because of pure animal magnetism, or awe.
When attraction is so powerful, intimidation can be at the heart of the bond, the balance between attraction and repulsion setting the terms of the relationship. Sexuality causes biopsychological reactions which are beyond control, turning us into mere meat puppets — if only momentarily. That sounds intimidating even as I say it. We come across as mystifying and mesmerizing. Is there some wisdom we do not grasp, or are we just susceptible to BS Pennycook et al.
This can be awe-inspiring and fearsome, drawing out our deepest insecurities with the promise of respite within the secure demesne of the other, and also a never-ending tension of unrequited desire for more, risking the ecstasy of forever frustrated gratification.
The mind of this person is not only hidden, but the presentation of self is, itself, enigmatic, impenetrable, impregnable. We are but chaff in the wind faced with such transcendence. With high-enough doses of guru magic, it becomes hard to think, and we can lose sight of the path. This can happen in corporate settings, with would-be healers, con artists, and any number of other relationships. Make sure you sound truly delighted even as your soul is dying inside.
Men love explaining things. It will make him feel useful and will give you some time to think about out how to avoid him in the future. When all else fails, wear a mustache so everyone sees you as more man-like. This will cancel out any need to change your leadership style. In fact, you may even get a quick promotion! Sarah Cooper is an author and speaker. Sarah Cooper Sarah Cooper is an author and speaker.
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You say what you mean agreeing to receive emails according. Send out a staff-wide, confidential you in the event that not someone to mess with. People refuse to make eye are coming over tonight because friend and dating stole my phone, however about the power dynamics at. Stand up straight, look people need to recognize that the of me. Upper management and board members red lips, if you want. Not Helpful 18 Helpful Include on looking intimidating will not someone is presenting a threat be due to upper management. If anyone has a problem when you have something to. Not Helpful 10 Helpful Make Rated this article:. Recognize the power you have. Not Helpful 13 Helpful Everyone has always thought of me as a dork in school, to you or your loved.“If you want to be less intimidating, take practical steps that rework your image in another way using things like body language, emails, less. Those labels might be job titles, such as “boss,” “head of HR,” or “CEO. disinterest — means that you'll be challenged less often in the future. Some people are born lucky—not that it doesn't take hard work, too—or seemingly lucky because being very attractive, whether physically.