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Just look at an online. The specialized agencies in your needs today! If you've tried to find a white dating a mexican man god made for latino, i date? Does the assistance of the specialized agencies in your needs today! The results of these studies are contradictory with some concluding that white women are less satisfied with their bodies than are Asian-American women Akan and Grilo ; Altabe , and other studies finding Asian-American women are as likely as are white women to have body concerns and weight dissatisfaction Gluck and Geliebter ; Koff et al.
There is some evidence showing that acculturation and the acceptance of Western ideals is a major risk factor for eating disorders among Asian Americans Davis and Katzman ; Hall Asian-American women exhibiting a stronger adherence to family norms are less likely to develop bulimia or anorexia. This suggests that Asian Americans, much like Latinos, and African Americans similarly experience conflicting messages between their culture and the dominant white culture.
Given the conflicting findings of these studies, it is difficult to predict the extent to which racial—cultural influences override the influences of the dominant culture. Still, we reason that in the absence of competing racial cultural imagery, whites will be more highly influenced than are non-whites by dominant cultural imagery. Hypothesis 2b: White men as compared to non-white men will be more desirous of the dominant, idealized i.
Hypothesis 2c: White women as compared to non-white women will be more desirous of the dominant, idealized i. We employ separate logistic regression models to test each hypothesis. To test hypotheses 2b and 2c we split the sample by gender so that one model includes all male daters, the other all female daters.
We suspect that within each gender group, whites will be more likely than all non-white groups African-Americans, Asians and Latinos to desire these idealized body types because they have fewer contending media outlets than do non-whites and have less reason to question these images since people of their same race group are represented. First we hypothesize that non-whites, both men and women, will be open to a larger variety of body types than their white counterparts:. Hypothesis 3a: Non-white men will be open to dating women with a wider variety of body types than will white men.
Hypothesis 3b: Non-white women will be open to dating men with a wider variety of body types than will white women. We run logistic regressions separately for men and women to determine whether non-white daters are open to a greater number of body types than are white daters. In each of these regressions we restrict our sample to daters who indicate specific body type preferences.
The dependent variable for each regression is the number of body types ranging from 1 to 10 that a dater indicates as preferable for a potential date. We expect that non-white daters, both men and women, will have stronger preferences than white daters for those body types that lie outside of the dominant idealized body types:. Hypothesis 4a: Non-white men will be more open than white men to dating women with average, curvy, thick, extra, large, and voluptuous body types. Hypothesis 4b: Non-white women will be more open than white women to dating men who have slim, slender, average, thick, curvy, extra, large and voluptuous body types.
Lastly, to examine these hypotheses 4a and 4b , that whites, both men and women, will be less open than their non-white counterparts to dating people with body types that fall outside of the culturally dominant ideal, we look at the propensity of daters to choose those body types not captured by the idealized types previously described.
To test Hypothesis 4a, we restrict our sample to men who have body type preferences and run separate logistic regressions to examine the racial—ethnic differences in the propensity to choose each of the body type categories provided by Yahoo Personals: Slim, Slender, Average, Athletic, Fit, Thick, A few extra, Large, Curvy and Voluptuous.
We repeat these methods, using the same set of controls, to test Hypothesis 4b, but restrict our sample to women who have body type preferences. Daters are a particularly good gauge for measuring body type preferences since attractiveness is an important criterion of date selection Kurzban and Weeden ; Stewart et al.
These data are unique and allow us to analyze dating behavior in a natural setting. While employing internet dater preferences has not been a widely used approach, scholars in a variety of fields are beginning to examine internet, video, and speed daters as well as print advertisements to ascertain what traits are considered when choosing a potential partner Kurzban and Weeden ; Sakai and Johnson , and to locate differences in dating preferences and behaviors by race Miller et al. A number of studies have specifically examined the phenomenon of internet dating Fiore and Donath ; Madden and Lenhart ; McKenna et al.
We collected dating profiles from Yahoo Personals, a national, internet dating site that, at the time of data collection, did not charge a fee for this service. At the time of data collection, Yahoo Personals was also the most popular internet dating website in the United States Madden and Lenhart Dating profiles were collected between September and May by logging into the website as a user.
For all searches, an age category of 18—50 years old was selected, as those over the age of 50 are less likely to be internet users Madden and Lenhart These cities provide regional diversity, while also varying in racial composition and ideology. Further, by selecting a region spanning 50 miles from the metropolitan areas we hope to have a mix of both urban and suburban daters in our sample.
We selected men and women who self-identified as being one of four racial or ethnic categories: African American, Asian, Latino or white. Further, only profiles with photographs were selected in order to limit the possibility of misrepresentation by daters. The final data set includes 6, internet daters.
This is fewer than the target sample size of 6, due to the smaller number of female Asian and Latina daters in Atlanta and the posting of duplicate profiles by the same dater. After deleting cases with missing values on the variables of interest for this study, the final sample size for this study is 5, The final sample is split almost evenly by region, race—ethnicity and gender see Table 1.
These values consider all of the daters. The subset of daters who express body type preferences is similar to the entire sample. Available upon request. This sample contains only people who willingly choose to date online. Therefore, some social groups or subcultures may be under-represented or excluded. These data are also likely to under-represent individuals of low socio-economic status and others who may not have as much access to or experience using computers.
Racial—ethnic minorities are over-represented in the sense that there are a smaller proportion of non-whites in the U. However, by including approximately equal numbers of participants in each racial—ethnic category, this sample allows for a thorough examination of the effects of race—ethnicity as well as gender on body type preferences for dates. Yahoo Personals provides a wealth of self-reported socio-demographic information about each participant. The daters in our sample did not indicate their preferences on a questionnaire or in a laboratory; rather, these are their actual dating profiles created for the express purpose of actually meeting potential dates.
This is important in two ways. First, most studies examine marital outcomes e. Kalmijn , , ; South or present subjects with hypothetical situations of whom they are willing to date e. Miller et al. Studying marital outcomes does not attend to the full range in which daters are willing to date; rather, they observe only one outcome.
Further, in research settings, it is more likely that subjects will acquiesce and provide responses they feel are socially acceptable or that will please the researcher. Second, by studying the actual preferences of internet daters, we can understand the parameters daters place on their dating markets without the constraints of other factors, such as proximity or the composition of their social group, which can often constrain daters off-line. The internet allows daters to vastly expand their dating pools so that they can assert preferences, which may not be realistic in some other settings.
For example, in a racially homogenous community, those daters who are willing to date individuals of varied races and ethnicities will likely pair with someone of their own race—ethnicity. In this case, examining marital outcomes will not reveal the degree of heterogamy that daters will accept; their stated preferences, on the other hand, can. Each dater is asked about his or her preferences for a date. The specific characteristics of the participant and his or her preferences for a potential date include, among others: gender, age, region of the country, race—ethnicity and highest level of education.
Body type is defined as it is on Yahoo Personals. Daters are provided the same options to describe their own body type and their body type preferences for a date, regardless of gender. The way this variable is constructed into the dependent variable varies for different analyses; each dependent variable will be discussed in detail below.
As is described above, daters have 11 body type categories they can select as a preference for a potential date. We examine the extent to which individuals of different race—ethnicities accept the dominant, idealized images of beautiful bodies by taking gender and race—ethnicity into consideration simultaneously. This body type is limited to thin or thin and toned bodies for women and fit athletic bodies for men.
Since we are interested in the degree to which the dominant body ideal is accepted, we construct a variable from the available body type categories to represent this ideal. We construct this variable as dichotomous, rather than creating scaled, continuous or multinomial variables for a number of reasons. First, since daters can choose any number of the ten body types, there are over 1, different possible combinations of body type preferences daters can indicate.
This makes a single variable representing all possible outcomes impossible to construct. In addition, the body type categories are not necessarily distinct or hierarchically orderable, and so they cannot be organized in any meaningful way to create a scale. The dominant portrayal of attractive female bodies is premised on an ideal of thinness Bordo ; Silverstein et al. Another dichotomous variable represents the ideal male body type, which is portrayed as extremely fit and muscular Bordo ; Connell ; Pope et al.
First, that they are popular body type preferences within this sample. Second, that they are gender-specific preferences; men should prefer the thin, toned body type for their dates more often than women; women should prefer dates with a fit athletic body type more frequently than men prefer dates with this body type. We do find that both of these criteria are met. Further, of the 2, men in the sample with body type preferences, a substantial number, Furthermore, This establishes that what we identify as the ideal female body type and the ideal male body type are popular within this sample.
Race—ethnicity is coded into dummy variables for the purposes of the final logistic regression models. Daters are placed into a category based on self-identification with one of these categories. Each racial—ethnic group will be compared to the white group of daters, since the American cultural hegemony is premised on a white standard.
Gender is also a key independent variable. Daters must self-identify as either male or female as the first step to create a profile. As was previously described, in all analyses we control for those traits that past research has identified as important to mate and date selection.
On average, women had preferences on about ten different items and men had preferences on seven see Table 1. We measure age as a continuous variable. All daters are between the ages of 18—50 years old. We collapse the categories for education present on the Yahoo dating profile into the following four groups: high school diploma or less, some college, college degree, post-college education.
The omitted reference group is those daters with a high school diploma or less. We sampled daters from within 50 miles of four U. In all analyses we use Atlanta as the omitted reference group. We also control own body type. We group these body types into four broader categories: Small, Average, Athletic and Large. Since daters can choose as many or as few racial—ethnic preferences for dates as desired, there are myriad possible combinations of preferences. As such, the regression models do not control for preferences for dates of specific race—ethnicities i.
African-American, white, etc. Constructing this variable in this way also avoids a problem of colinearity attached to representing each racial—ethnic group separately since, when daters in this sample wanted to date one minority group explicitly, their preference was often for dates of their own racial—ethnic group. Each dater falls into one of four groups: those who indicate no racial—ethnic preference for potential dates; those who prefer to only date whites; those who prefer to only date non-whites; and those who indicate preferences that include both whites and non-whites.
These are constructed as dichotomous variables, and in all analyses the group of daters having preferences that include both white and non-white daters is the omitted reference group. For our final set of analyses, which test Hypotheses 4a and 4b see Table 5 , we also add a control for the number of body type preferences a dater has. Since we run separate regressions for each body type here, we calculate the number of total preferences, excluding the body type of interest for each regression, in order to avoid problems of endogeneity.
Odds ratios from logistic regression analyses of the effects of race—ethnicity on requesting each body type a. Full tables are available upon request. Among men, there are significant race—ethnic variations in having body type preferences but among women there are not. Employing chi square analysis or significance tests of differences between means, we examine gender differences as well as within gender group racial—ethnic differences between daters on each of these variables before including them in our models Table 1.
We examine within gender racial—ethnic differences by comparing each race—ethnic group to the white group of daters of the same gender. There is also a significant gender difference in the likelihood of residing in Atlanta, because there were fewer than female Asian and Latina daters in Atlanta.
Among male daters we find that the non-white groups of daters are, on average, younger than white male daters, differ in the way they describe their own bodies and differ in their race—ethnic preference for dates. Latino men also tend to state fewer overall preferences for dates and African-American and Latino daters have lower levels of education than do white men. Among the female daters, all non-white groups state more preferences overall for dates and have different racial—ethnic preferences than whites.
African American and Latina female daters tend to have less education than white female daters, while the Asian women in the sample tend to have more. When controls are introduced this gender difference is even more pronounced Table 2 , model 2 ; men are over 3. Odds ratios from logistic regression analyses of the effects of gender and race—ethnicity on whether daters state body type preferences for potential dates.
We use logistic regression analyses to examine the effects of race—ethnicity on whether or not daters specify particular body type preferences for potential dates. Since there are such large gender differences, we conduct this same logistic regression separately for women and men, to untangle the confluence of race—ethnicity and gender on the likelihood of having body type preferences for dates.
These results are presented in Table 2. We also ran a logistic regression that included interaction effects of race—ethnicity and gender not shown and the findings of this analysis are similar to the regression models that are split by gender. The effects of the control variables generally remain the same in terms of the significant effects own body type and selectivity. The significant effects of education persist only for women, as women with college and post-college degrees are less likely than women without high school degrees to express body type preferences.
The effects of racial—ethnic preferences for dates remain only for men. We also examine if daters who do have body type preferences are likely to prefer dates who exhibit the dominant cultural idealizations of a beautiful body. Daters who indicate that they have no body type preferences are not included in the remaining analyses. While most daters are interested in dates with the ideal body types, they are also open to dating individuals with other body types as well.
For the remaining analyses, we are concentrating on those who prefer dates with the culturally ideal body to the exclusion of all other body types in order to focus on how race—ethnicity is driving this specific standard of beauty. Before we can thoroughly examine differing preferences for dates with ideal body types, we need to be certain that the thin or thin and toned body type preference is strongly associated with male preferences and that the fit athletic body type is strongly associated with female preferences for male dates.
Using logistic regression analyses, Table 3 presents four logistic regression that test gender and racial—ethnic differences in the desire to have dates with culturally ideal body types—i. Race—ethnicity is the key independent variable in all models and, when the entire sample is considered, gender is also included.
Table 3 presents two logistic regressions that include all daters who have body type preferences. These regressions test the odds that male daters will prefer these body types exclusively more than female daters when race—ethnicity, demographic characteristics, and other dater preferences are controlled.
This indicates that the body types we define as culturally dominant are gender-specific preferences among these daters. Odds ratios from logistic regression analyses of the effects of gender and race—ethnicity on the likelihood that daters will prefer culturally idealized body types.
For men, race—ethnicity does affect the likelihood that a dater will prefer the ideal thin or thin and toned female body type exclusively while for women it does not. Table 3 presents a logistic regression that includes only male daters with body type preferences which tests our prediction Hypothesis 2b that white men will be more likely than non-white men to state preferences for thin toned female dates.
We find support for Hypothesis 2b; all groups of non-white men are significantly less likely than white men to have body type preferences for thin or thin and toned women. This is tested in a logistic regression Table 3 that includes only female daters who have body type preferences. We do not find support for Hypothesis 2c; white female daters are no more likely than any group of non-white female daters to desire male dates who have fit athletic bodies.
Own body type remains important in all analyses examining preferences for the idealized body types. We use linear regression analysis to examine our prediction that non-white men and women will be open to a wider variety of body types than will their white counterparts Hypotheses 3a and 3b, respectively. Support for hypotheses 3a and 3b varies and is dependent on the intersections of gender and race—ethnicity. The results for these regressions are presented in Table 4.
There are no significant differences between white and Asian male daters. African-American female daters have significantly more body type preferences than do white female daters. We find no significant differences in the number of body type preferences of white and Latina female daters.
Coefficients from linear regressions of the effects of raceethnicity on the number of body type preferences daters have a. These results must be interpreted carefully, however, since the body type categories are not distinct or mutually exclusive. The body type categories are not organized in a meaningful hierarchical manner so certain choices might be considered synonymous by some daters but not others.
For example, it is arguable that there are a greater number of choices to indicate preferences for larger bodies Thick, A Few Extra Pounds, Large, Curvy or Voluptuous but fewer choices to describe smaller bodies Slim or Slender. As such, a dater who has a preference for larger dates might choose all five aforementioned categories whereas a dater with preferences for smaller dates might choose only the two later body type categories.
This would make the first dater appear open to a wider variety of bodies than the second dater when, in fact, they are both just as selective—each preferring one body type. Other daters, however, might interpret meaningful differences between Slim and Slender or Extra and Voluptuous, etc. Further, different interpretations of the words Yahoo uses to describe bodies might vary along lines of race and ethnicity.
Our last set of hypotheses, 4a and 4b, assert that whites will be less open to dates with those body types not captured by the dominant ideal i. To test these hypotheses we run a separate logistic regression for each of the body type categories; these analyses are also split by gender Table 5.
In this analysis, the dependent variable is whether or not daters select each particular body type category; we include only daters with specific body type preferences 2, men; 2, women. We run separate logistic regressions for each of the ten body type categories from which daters could choose. No daters in this sample indicate a preference for dates with Curvy bodies, so these results are not presented. Additionally, only 14 women responded they would date Voluptuous males, so these findings are inconclusive and are not presented.
We do separate logistic regressions for each body type rather than making a scale because these body types are categorized in such a way that there is no clear hierarchy or order. Further, daters can choose as many or as few body types as desired, making a plethora of preference combinations possible.
Since all daters are included in each logistic regression for each body type, we add a control for the number of other body type preferences each dater has to avoid problems of endogeneity. White men are significantly more likely than African-American, Asian and Latino men to prefer dates with Slim and Slender bodies and more likely than African-American and Latino men, but not Asian men, to prefer dates with Fit bodies.
There is no statistically significant difference between white male daters and Asian, African-American or Latino male daters to prefer women with Athletic body types. All non-white male groups of daters in this sample are significantly more likely than white men to prefer women with Average body types. This last finding is particularly notable for the Thick and Large body types.
Latino men are about 2. Hypothesis 4a predicts non-white men to be more selective than white men on body types that are not encompassed by the thin ideal. This is not supported when considering Asian male daters, as they are less selective or no different than white daters in most cases.
However, when comparing African-American or Latino male daters to white male daters, there is support for Hypothesis 4a—African-American and Latino men have stronger preferences than white men for female body types that are not captured by the thin ideal. These results indicate that while white men are more selective than African-American and Latino men about having female dates with the culturally idealized thin or thin and toned body types, these non-white daters are also selective but not on the same body types: African-American men and Latinos in this sample are more interested in larger body types than are white men.
Notably, these body types are not generally reflected positively in the mainstream popular culture. There are no significant differences between white women and African-American women in preferences for any of the body types.
Who is more selective? However, it is important to consider that this might also be a reflection of differing gender role expectations. Women might generally be more timid about expressing preferences, or feel it is not socially acceptable to violate notions of romance by placing too much value on the body. It is unclear why Asian men are different in their propensity to indicate body type preferences. However, controlling images of Asian men have been particularly emasculating and media images of Asian men are frequently desexualized Chen , ; their bodies have been portrayed as small and weak and even when they do have a masculine role, their sexuality is not addressed.
The result of this may be that Asian men feel they will be less desired and therefore should be less choosy about the body of a potential date. African-American, Asian and Latino women are just as likely as white women to prefer the fit athletic body ideal for potential male dates. Previous research finds that African-American and Latina women are more accepting of heavier body types when discussing their own body, but we do not find that this translates to a more fluid definition of the ideal male body.
This might be due to the fact that the ideal images of male bodies are more racially varied in the mass media. The fit athletic male is not only portrayed by white men in commercial advertisements but also by African-American men in images of athleticism and sport Collins ; Jackson ; Messner ; Oates and Durham Though these images do not frequently portray Asian or Latino men, having at least a dual racial image of the ideal, muscular male body may create a more pervasive and universal body standard for men that is, in turn, consumed by a more diverse population of heterosexual female daters.
This is an important finding as it suggests that the male body, much like that of the female body, is now viewed as an object, a victim of the commodification and limited acceptance of diversity in heterosexual and commercial relationships. These findings support current theory, which identify masculinity as a limiting and unrealistic ideal that all men are supposed to achieve see Bordo , ; Connell ; Kimmel ; Pope et al.
Indeed, a recent study shows that Asian male college students are more likely than white men to view their bodies as smaller than the ideal Barnett et al. African-American men and Latino men are more likely than white male daters to prefer female body types described as Average, Thick, Extra, Large and Voluptuous.
Only African-American men are open to greater variety of body types than white male daters. These findings suggest that the degree to which daters adhere to the dominant body standards is tied to their own race—ethnicity. However, we must be careful interpreting these results since the Yahoo Personals body type categories are not distinct or mutually exclusive categories.
In fact, African-American and Latino men are very selective on other specific body types that are not captured by the thin or thin and toned body ideal. Most notable is the preference for women with larger body types. One interpretation of literature which finds African-American and Latina women are more tolerant of excess weight on their own bodies suggests that African-American and Latino communities are more accepting and tolerant of body fat Demarest and Allen ; Duke ; Poran , and Asians and whites are not Barnett et al.
Our findings support the possibility of culturally specific ideals of beauty—some of which operate outside of the mainstream media and popular culture: African-American and Latino men are more accepting of larger female body types; African-American, Asian and Latino men are less interested than white men in the thin, toned female body; and African-American and Asian men generally choose significantly more body types as ideal than do white men.
That acceptance of, and preference for, dates with larger bodies exists for African-American and Latino men, but not women, highlights the importance of addressing intersections of race—ethnicity and gender. Our findings suggest that there are different cultural resources that influence non-white minorities in addition to mainstream images in the mass media, and that these portray a larger variety or a different variety of female beauty and bodies.
However, since the images of the African-American male athlete loom large in popular culture, particularly in the age of televised sports, there has been less room to cultivate an image away from that of the dominant popular culture. There are some limitations to using dating profiles as data for this research; however, we feel that the benefits greatly outweigh the costs.
We are most concerned with the categorizations of race and ethnicity provided by the dating site because these categories conflate race and ethnicity, are overly broad, and gloss over much cultural and ethnic diversity. We are also unable to discern the degree to which individual daters identify with racial—ethnic subcultures. This is particularly important for understandings of the body and beauty as perceptions of attractiveness vary by culture Crandall and Martinez ; Shaw This, however, is not expected to have a grave effect on this study.
Cornwell and Lundgren find that individuals are somewhat more likely to misrepresent themselves online than in person, but these trends do not vary significantly by gender. It is also unlikely that they will present false reports of their preferences for potential dates, since honestly answering these questions serves to filter out those individuals whom an online dater does not wish to date.
If daters do lie, it is likely to be about their own body type, not the body type they desire of potential dates. To try to address this possibility and reduce deception, we only sample daters with pictures in order to limit the degree to which daters may misrepresent their own body types or other physical traits.
Ellison et al. However, when they do lie it is usually about own weight or age, which they indicate misrepresenting only slightly, in order to fit into a different, but similar, category that they feel is more positive or will garner more dates.
While the drawbacks to these data are important to note, the benefits of using these data far outweigh these costs. This is particularly true as internet dating becomes a more prevalent way to meet dates; over one-third of adults who use the internet and are seeking romantic partners have gone to dating websites Madden and Lenhart Further, as marriage rates decline and non-marital partnerships increase Bumpass et al.
Our findings show that race—ethnicity and gender influence body type preferences; men and whites are significantly more likely than women and non-whites to have such preferences. Although previous work employing silhouette figures, or select samples, provides inconsistent findings, our study of actual dating choices show that non-white men, particularly African-American and Latino men, are far less likely than are white men to prefer a date with the ideal thin body type.
In general, men of color are far more open than white men to dating average women, and African Americans and Latinos, but not Asians, are significantly more likely to prefer a thick or heavy body type. Our study has implications for a body of literature that shows African-American women and Latinas are less impacted by mainstream media than are white women with the former more satisfied with their bodies and less constrained to the thin ideal body type e. Poran The fact that African-American men and Latinos are more open to dating a variety of body types, undoubtedly, places less pressure on these women to lose weight Greenberg and LaPorte ; Hsu ; Levinson, Powell, and Steelman However, we suspect that Latinas and African-American women may be constrained in other ways, perhaps adhering to cultural standards of beauty outside of dominant cultural ideals or experiencing conflict between dominant ideal body types and those of their specific racial—ethnic group.
These conflicting expectations can create a no win situation in which African-American women receive approval for higher body weight by African-American men but disapproval from the dominant culture. The fact that Asian men are less likely to prefer a thin date than are white men, but no more likely to prefer larger body types suggests that Asian men, like other non-white men likely subscribe to additional cultural prescriptions of body type desirability. While Asian men do not adhere as strongly as do white men to the beauty ideal, they are, nonetheless, no more accepting of heavy dates.
This finding also has implications for a body of literature Gluck and Geliebter ; Koff et al. Since Asian men are more accepting of average bodies, but much less so of heavier bodies, it makes sense that Asian women would maintain concerns about weight. To the extent that non-whites have access to additional cultural resources to develop perceptions of bodily attractiveness, the Asian ideal body type for women appears to have a greater convergence with the ideal body images portrayed in our mainstream media.
Recent studies of both Japanese Mukai et al. A comparison of Japanese college women with U. This movement toward an acceptance of Western cultural standards of beauty for women sheds light on why Asian men may be more accepting of average women but less so of heavier ones than are white men. However, we cannot account for why cultural expectations do not significantly intervene. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author s and source are credited.
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Sex Roles. Published online Apr Carol L. Glasser , Belinda Robnett , and Cynthia Feliciano. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Corresponding author. Received Oct 23; Accepted Mar 4. Abstract Employing a United States sample of 5, Yahoo heterosexual internet dating profiles, this study finds race—ethnicity and gender influence body type preferences for dates, with men and whites significantly more likely than women and non-whites to have such preferences.
Introduction This study compares differences in body type preferences for dates between African Americans, Asians, Latinos and whites in the United States. Gendered Body Type Preferences To begin, we are interested in whether men or women are more likely to state specific body type preferences for a date. Mainstream Popular Culture and Racial—Cultural Influences Body type preferences are socially derived; ideals of attractiveness and the body vary by culture Crandall and Martinez ; Shaw and throughout history Mulvey et al.
First we hypothesize that non-whites, both men and women, will be open to a larger variety of body types than their white counterparts: Hypothesis 3a: Non-white men will be open to dating women with a wider variety of body types than will white men. We expect that non-white daters, both men and women, will have stronger preferences than white daters for those body types that lie outside of the dominant idealized body types: Hypothesis 4a: Non-white men will be more open than white men to dating women with average, curvy, thick, extra, large, and voluptuous body types.
Open in a separate window. Measure Dependent Variables Each dater is asked about his or her preferences for a date. The Female Body The dominant portrayal of attractive female bodies is premised on an ideal of thinness Bordo ; Silverstein et al. The Male Body Another dichotomous variable represents the ideal male body type, which is portrayed as extremely fit and muscular Bordo ; Connell ; Pope et al. Control Variables As was previously described, in all analyses we control for those traits that past research has identified as important to mate and date selection.
Table 5 Odds ratios from logistic regression analyses of the effects of race—ethnicity on requesting each body type a. Full tables are available upon request b Only 14 women responded they would date Voluptuous males, so these findings are inconclusive and are not presented. Table 2 Odds ratios from logistic regression analyses of the effects of gender and race—ethnicity on whether daters state body type preferences for potential dates. Wanted: Thin Women and Fit Men We also examine if daters who do have body type preferences are likely to prefer dates who exhibit the dominant cultural idealizations of a beautiful body.
Gender Differences Before we can thoroughly examine differing preferences for dates with ideal body types, we need to be certain that the thin or thin and toned body type preference is strongly associated with male preferences and that the fit athletic body type is strongly associated with female preferences for male dates.
Table 3 Odds ratios from logistic regression analyses of the effects of gender and race—ethnicity on the likelihood that daters will prefer culturally idealized body types. Within Gender Race—Ethnic Differences For men, race—ethnicity does affect the likelihood that a dater will prefer the ideal thin or thin and toned female body type exclusively while for women it does not. Table 4 Coefficients from linear regressions of the effects of raceethnicity on the number of body type preferences daters have a.
Discussion Who is more selective? Adherence to Ideal Standards African-American, Asian and Latino women are just as likely as white women to prefer the fit athletic body ideal for potential male dates. Limitations of the study There are some limitations to using dating profiles as data for this research; however, we feel that the benefits greatly outweigh the costs. Conclusion Our findings show that race—ethnicity and gender influence body type preferences; men and whites are significantly more likely than women and non-whites to have such preferences.
Acknowledgments Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author s and source are credited.
References Akan, G. Sociocultural influences on eating attitudes and behaviors, body image, and psychological functioning: a comparison of African—American, Asian-American, and Caucasian college women. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 18, — Can ethnic differences in men's preferences for women's body shapes contribute to ethnic differences in female adiposity? Obesity Research, 1, — Ethnicity and body image: quantitative and qualitative analysis.
The International Journal of Eating Disorders , 23 , — Body type preferences in Asian and Caucasian college students. Sex Roles, 45, — Beauboeuf-Lafontant, T. Strong and large black women? Bordo, S. Unbearable weight: Feminism, western culture, and the body. Los Angeles: University of California Press. Pills and power tools. Men and Masculinities, 1, 87— The male body.
New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. Bolig, R. The self-advertisement approach to dating: Male-female differences. Family Relations, 33, — Bumpass, L. The role of cohabitation in declining rates of marriage. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 53, — Buss, D. Sex Differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 12, 1— Cachelin, F. Ethnic differences in body-size preferences: myth or reality?
Realistic weight perception and body size assessment in a racially diverse community sample of dieters. Obesity Research, 6, 62— Does ethnicity influence body-size preference? A comparison of body image and body size. Obesity Research, 10, — Sex Roles, 33, 19— Cash, T. Pounds of flesh: Weight, gender, and body images. Maurer Eds.
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We met when we both lived in Las Vegas there's the Southwest theory, lol. I've dated blonds, French, British, all blue eyes before my current man, punk rock musicians like myself but also straight-A nerds also like myself , So, long story longer, yes: white girls can and do date hispanic guys, same as any other guys. My girlfriend is white and i am hispanic, not mexican. Exactly many white men try to control "their" women, funny how white men are seen as perfect gentlemen. Its hard when your parents dont let you hang out with certain type of people but at least u didn't think the same way.
Thats good to know i always thaught it would be harder to ask a white girl out I always been interested in white girls never had the chance to date one hope i do soon. Hi rachiee I see dat u like Latinos I love white girls message me I would like to spread my seed. It's not that he really upgrade he just fell in love with u instead not ever girl is the same. Maybe u showed him something he was more interested in that caught his attention.
I'm a white girl with a Mexican man and been with for years fell in love with each other and plan on getting married later down the line. I can speak Spanish maybe not perfect but I'm learning and when someone really loves someone it don't matter the raise his family excepts me. Mexican and white babies are cute especially with colored eyes ; But that's not the point just be happy who you are and love who u want don't worry about what PPP think or say.
Just be happy and live your life. Wish the best to u and your man :. It's unfair to label an entire group of women "basic" because of stereotypes. As a full blooded Latino, I would hate for others to see me as the lazy, perverted, illegal alien stereotype that many racists have come to adopt in this country. My question to you is why do you think that all white women are basic and simple? My wife is half White Sicilian , and she's taught me so much about her rich Italian heritage.
My point is that labeling white women basic and simple, is completely unfair if you've had very few dealings with said group of women. That's why hispanic love us white girls We're hot and sexy. And and mixed babies are the best in my opinion. Latina's are way to stuck up. That's another reason why they want white girls.. We're more open minded. Unless you get a rich white girl.
I'm stuck up my self, but Jesus That comment was way too stuck up. I'm open minded enough to know that men want what they want Just like a woman. My hispanic fiance's ex was latina and he tells me how much better he thinks us white women are now that he's been with me ;. I haven't met a Mexican guy I'd date because it seems like when they go for white girls they just wanna play them.
How can you say that about us white woman Hell all these people keep saying whites are racist and shit but look at y'all Mexicans I for one love Hispanic men and women I have 3 kids and yes they are half Hispanic and white Oh yea and one more thing Mexican woman don't make better mothers then white woman just because you take your kids to the damn park sweetie.. Most white guys are 'playing' white girls too when they go for them.
Welcome to the present. In my opinion race is just what your classified as your identification, but if your spouse loves you regardless of race; then go for it! No matter what race you're! Because he is an idiot Respectively speaking sometimes. Thank you for your comment. I don't know why the friend say that, but I can tell you why some hispanic guys think white girls are not worth it. It is because there is a strong stereotype among our community about white girls being very promiscuous, feminist, man-haters, not clean, and bad mothers.
I know its just a stereotype, and I certainly know many good white women - including some of the most decent women I have meet included - As well as some other white women who seem to work over time to perpetuate th stereotypes. Lol that's the funniest thing I've ever read. I never heard a white girl call a mexican exotic. I don't call mexican girls exotic. Only white girls are. Oh what do we have here, white trash talking?
Xia LOLL are you kidding me? Every single white guy I come across calls me exotic. I think it's code for they really want to get in my pants. But yeah sometimes change is good and if a white girl has fated or seen too many white guys she would be intriged by a hispanic guy.
Plus we have a good rep by the media any ways have you heard of the term "Latin Lover"? BecciDuke Thank you very much you made my day. Yes im Hispanic. Girl's Behavior. This a question for girls but anyone could answer, no problem. Sometimes I think about asking them out but my friends say, "white girls are not worth it. How would one ask a white girl out? Maybe like any other girl? My question is ," Would white girls ever consider dating a hispanic guy?
Share Facebook. Would white girls ever consider dating a hispanic guy? Add Opinion. I'm a white girl with a Hispanic guy. I think that as long as there are the right feelings and chemistry, then race will not be a factor. However, if you want a serious or long term relationship, there are things that may surface later. Like if your family or hers particularly parents have issues with you dating someone from another race.
Also, I don't know where you're from, but if you two are from two different cultures for example, a German and a Puerto Rican , issues may surface later, simply because of different cultures. I did not think these things would matter at first, but now they do pop up sometimes. I think this holds true, even with people of the same race, raised in different cultures say, a white American with a white Swedish person may have similar issues.
So you all may want to make sure you make an effort to share BOTH your cultures together, and try to come up with your own values and traditions. Hope this helps! I think multi-cultural relationships are beautiful and as long as you both have that chemistry, then things should be great.
I personally prefer hispanic guys over white guys. They're just sexier in everything they do. To me white guys are bland and boring, hispanic guys are sexy and exciting. I think hispanic guys are getting more attention right now though because of the two newest books out where white girls are falling in love with hispanic guys.
I'm actually dating a puerto rican guy right now and I love him with all my heart because he's one of the sexiest, sweetest, and most amazing guys I know. He does have a past with gangs and wars and all that stuff he doesn't like to talk about but I love him anyways. Its made him who he is. I am mexican and i like white i just had never got that chance to date one. Show All Show Less. Girls of any ethnicity will sneak peaks at guys of any ethnicity who they find attractive.
I'm going to guess you don't have a massive hunchback and a facefull of boils And when it comes down to a relationship, skin color really falls by the wayside of important things. And you can ask them out like any other girl. That all said- the influx of white girl glances could be chaulked up to the aforementioned exotic factor.
Or in this case the Spicy-Romantic-Latino-Man daydream. People like the familiar, but are intrigued by what's different. Lending to the looks. As a white girl who wandered around Spain for a few months, I got stares all the time, vs the occasional sideways glance in the states. Soon Xper 5. Venividivici jealous? My girl is so beautiful that I dedicated a whole website just about her. Who done that for you.
I am with whom I am with so if you're referring to someone that he doesn't have then your answer is no. I been with so many different race of people while stationed in the military I could careless whom someone with or wants to be with. No need to come back and say you wouldn't blah blah, I and you know the truth. No one can tell you whom someone to prefer to be with unless you go up-to them and ask. You can only give advice on personal experience or your own upbringings.
You can't speak for anyone else. The thing about white women is that you have to have you're life together. You have to have a good job and know how to take care of yourself. Because if you don't treat yourself right then what makes you think you're going to treat anyone right? White women are the kind of Angles that wants a man to be successful And not about the low life way. I'm Hispanic! I'm Puerto Rican and my girlfriend is Blond. I didn't like her because of her skin.
I loved her because she motivated me a lot and made me Successful. And so I didn't want to every let that go. I couldn't believe it until I found out for myself. She's with me because I love her for who she is and I don't treat her any different.
If you pur you're mind in you're work and life and stop with the skin or race issue then any girl of any race can be attracted to you. I'm still with my beautiful Cindy. And I love her to death. Sign Up Now! Sort Girls First Guys First. LivelyMind Xper 3. Well I consider myself mixed half spanish but yea I would consider dating a Hispanic guy as long as thier not Colombian already came into contact w.
Also as long as their not the player type I sometimes get that vibe lead you on to leave you hangin. When it comes down to it am not sure I'd seem myself having a beyond physical relation with one not sure if I'd do long term if their the traditional type. I'm on of those girls staring and I'm staring because to me hispanic guys are incredibly hot! I wouldn't let your friends determine what you do in this situation, if they say white girls aren't worth it, then that's their opinion, but I would definitely try us out before you make that judgment.
Livvypuent Xper 3. I am sure that many girls would. My father told me I was not allowed to date blacks or hispanics It was all a little ridiculous. I am more often than not attracted to white guys Maddygirl Xper 5. Race is not a factor when I date Any race can be hot! The only thing that would be a turnoff is if you act like a "stereotypical" mexican "gangster" and you try to act all in "in the hood" and you talk in that really annoying "gangsta" voice and sag your pants.
If you act like a normal person and don't try to be a pimp you should be fine. He had a series of doctor's appointments wherein he got poked and prodded, and his sexual dysfunction was discussed ad infinitum with me as the intermediary I think this might have something to do with it. As we were waiting outside the last doctor's office, he blushed and whispered to me, "I wanna ask you a question, but I'm embarrassed. Table dancing. Is it possible that he has lived in this country for seven years and really thinks that we are all secretly strippers who like to dance on tables?
I understood this bullshit when I lived in Latin America, since Bikini Car Wash -esque stuff plays constantly on broadcast TV, but the man has been in this country for seven years. How can he think something so asinine at this point? What, pray tell, am I missing here? Dear Gabacha: Wait — so not all white women are strippers? Wow, you learn new cosas every day! Anyhoo, in this case, the guy was obviously trying to reassert his manhood in front of a woman, so I wouldn't read too much about Mexicans through him.
But you're right about hombres viewing gabachas as perpetual putas one martini away from doing a DP. It's easy to blame Mexican machismo, but the real issue is exoticism: Gabachas are the Other, and thus easily sexualized. But as a result, gabachos have sexualized Mexican women ever since — and if you don't believe me, go to any fraternity's Cinco de Drinko bash.
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